Stretch Marks – Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Stretch marks appear as lines or narrow streaks that develop on the skin’s surface. They are also referred to as striae or stria, which is common among pregnant women or those who have gained too much weight. When your skin is stretched suddenly and excessively, the dermis, or the middle layer of your skin tends to break in places.

Hence, this allows the deeper layers of your skin to become more visible. Your skin is made up of three layers such as the epidermis or the outer layer of your skin, the dermis or the skin’s middle layer, and the subcutaneous (hypodermic) or the deepest layer of your skin. Stretch marks are formed when the dermis is ruptured, and these lines may be as long as 10 centimeters. It is also important to note that since stretch marks are usually caused by pregnancy, women are more prone to have these than men. However, anyone can still develop these marks on their skin due to obesity and excessive weight gain.But don´t despair, there are many stretch marks treatments available..   stretch marks

Are Stretch Marks Normal?

Stretch marks do not pose any hazards to one’s health, as these only appear when the skin is pulled excessively. Although these marks are completely normal, many people are bothered about the unsightly appearance of these streaks or lines on their skin. They may feel conscious or embarrassed about wearing clothes that reveal a part of their body with stretch marks. Thus, it may help to learn more about safe and effective ways to get rid of these marks and regain the beauty of your skin.


How Do Stretch Marks Look Like?

Not all people can get stretch marks since it all depends on your skin type. For instance, individuals who have a low level of collagen are more likely to get stretch marks since this type of protein is responsible for making your skin stretchy and elastic. With more collagen in your skin, you can reduce the possibility of getting these unappealing streaks from appearing on your body parts even when you gain weight. Before you develop stretch marks, you will notice that the skin will appear quite flat, thin and pinkish. You may also experience minor itching on the affected area.

Initially, these marks appear as purple or red streaks on the skin’s surface, although it still depends on your skin color. In addition, these lines start out as wrinkly and slightly raised, yet they will eventually become flatter when they fade and change to a silvery or white color. Almost any part of your body where the skin is stretched may develop these narrow lines or marks. However, they are common on areas where a high percentage of fat is stored including your abdomen, thighs, buttocks, hips, breasts and upper arms. Some people with Cushing’s Syndrome may also develop stretch marks, which may be larger and wider. The condition occurs when a person suffers from a high level of cortisol, or a type of hormone, in their blood.


Different Kinds of Stretch Marks

Mostly stretch marks are caused by elongation of the skin where the body develops more mass than the one the skin can accommodate comfortably at a given time without stretching. Different types of stretch marks available are characterized by different colors. For example there are those which will appear red or purple .These are mostly less than a year old hence it is easy to treat them. There are those which will appear white or slivery. Mostly these have developed on the skin more than a year. These are hard to treat which make it necessary for you to consult a dermatologist who will advise you accordingly. Here are different kinds of stretch marks developed due to different conditions of the body:


These types of stretch mark affect mostly women who are pregnant. They are brought about by the fact that during the development stages of a baby in the womb the baby leads to sudden increase of the abdomen area. This leads to stretching of the skin at the abdomen region leading to the development of these types of stretch marks. These types of stretch marks can also develop on the breasts because during pregnancy the breasts will tend to grow more as a way of preparing for the breastfeeding of the baby to be born. Pregnancy stretch marks usually appear from the 7th month of pregnancy because at this stage the baby is big enough to cause stretching of the skin.


  • Adolescent stretch marks

During adolescent there is appearance of stretch marks due to the fact that during this period there is rapid increase in body weight. The stretch marks during adolescent occur in areas where the body stores fats such as around hips, thighs, upper arms and around the breasts in girls.



  • Stretch marks due to physical training

People who engage in physical trainings and weightlifting sometimes develop stretch marks. The stretch marks usually develop on areas where muscles grow most. These include parts of the body such as at the biceps and calves. These types of stretch marks are also common in people who make use of supplements because they lead to abrupt increase in muscles making the stretch marks appear.


Preventing Stretch Marks

After you have given birth, you may want to learn more about stretch marks to find a safe and effective way to get rid of them. Since these marks can be more difficult to remove once they have turned silvery or white in color, you will need to take immediate action to eliminate them during their initial phase. Gaining and losing weight rapidly can lead to stretch marks, so you need to be aware of your weight and apply techniques to prevent excessive stretching of your skin. For instance, you should avoid diets that are not only hazardous to your health, but can also cause your current weight to go down or up quickly. With this in mind, one way to prevent stretch marks is by maintaining an ideal weight.

You diet should include the right amount of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients that your body needs to attain optimum health. It will also help to consume food items that are rich in vitamin C and E, as well as the minerals silicon and zinc. These components can help maintain the youthful glow and smoothness of your skin. You also can read here how to get rid of Stretch Marks on the thighs. If ever you need to shed a few pounds, make sure you do it slowly by following a balanced diet and exercising regularly. As a general rule, losing more than 1 pound per week is not advisable. Lastly, massage your skin daily with a moisturizer or cream that can help improve blood circulation. Massaging will also promote the growth of new and healthy tissue.There are many stretch marks removal creams , but first you can find out in here, all the best home remedies to reduce stretch marks.

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How to Get Rid of Stretch Marks

In some people, stretch marks may not be noticeable or unsightly. However, if you are bothered about these marks affecting a large portion of your body, you may choose from a number of treatment options to get rid of these lines. The following are some of the different remedies and procedures that you can help resolve your problems with stretch marks.


  • 1. Gels and Creams

A number of skin creams and gels work well in removing stretch marks. You can find these products in pharmacies and health stores, and they usually contain essential ingredients such as cocoa butter, vitamin E, almond oil, and a few other powerful substances that can improve the elasticity of your skin. If you prefer to use creams or moisturizers, you should apply them on your skin when the marks are still purple or red, or when the condition is in its initial phase. This way, you can expect satisfactory results in a matter of weeks.  

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  • 2. Cosmetic Surgery

Some people prefer to undergo cosmetic surgery to eliminate stretch marks, although this is an invasive procedure that can be very expensive. Abdominoplasty is a form of surgery that involves the removal of excess skin and fat from areas where stretch marks are found. It is effective in removing marks below your belly button and abdomen, but it can cause significant scarring.


  • 3. Laser Therapy

This third option may not completely get rid of stretch marks, yet you will notice that these lines are less obvious after you have undergone laser therapy. Several types of laser treatment can help eliminate stretch marks such as pulsed dye laser treatment, which is generally painless. The energy emitted by the laser is quickly absorbed by your blood vessels, which leads to the lightening of the stretch marks’ darker color. This technique is suitable when stretch marks are still at their early stage, or when they are purple or red in color.

In addition to Vitamin E, you can also use creams that contain various natural ingredients combined with collagen or grapefruit seed extract. Also, essential oils (olive, jojoba or coconut) can be applied on a daily basis after bath – these oils will keep your skin properly moisturized, they will diminish the appearance of the existing stretch marks and also improve skin elasticity at the same time.

While it is true that vitamins and supplements can come in handy for stretch marks, a healthy and nutritious diet helps as well, as it is important to treat them from inside out – taking care of the stretch marks only at the surface of the skin will result in a shallow diminishing that seldom lasts in the long run. The essential oils treat the surface of the skin, while the diet will treat the inside. Besides this, a good diet that will deliver you all the nutrients and minerals you need will also improve the quality of your skin.


There are different natural ways to get rid of stretch marks as these ways can help to successfully eliminate the appearance of these stretch marks effectively. These natural treatments are affordable as compared to the other options and you will not experience any side effects when you use these natural ways of getting rid of stretch marks.


The best natural ways to remove stretch marks:

Food rich in zinc: you should consume foods that are rich in zinc so that you can get rid of while lines that appears on your skin. When you consume foods rich in zinc, the development of new tissues under the skin get speed up and you will see noticeable differences in the results. The most common food that contains zinc includes wheat germ, oysters, pecan nuts and bran cereals.


Drink plenty of water: water is the most important thing that is nodded for keeping your skin hydrated. It also helps in maintaining the moisture of your skin and hence you need to drink at least 12 glasses of water every day. It helps in the regeneration of the skin and it also improves the skin condition.


Vitamin E: it is a very effective natural way that can help in treating the stretch marks. You can use it as a supplement to take with food or oil for your skin. The food items that are rich in vitamin E include cottonseed oil, peanuts, sunflower oil, popcorns and almonds.


Castor oil: it is also a very effective natural remedy that can heal the damaged skin tissues and improve stretch marks drastically. You can massage castor oil over your stretch marks and provide some heat for some time. When you carry on this procedure regularly, you will notice positive results to get rid of these marks.


Aloe Vera: it is a natural ingredient that is very beneficial for reducing and preventing stretch marks. You can either use Aloe Vera as a gel or mix it with vitamin E and olive oil to apply on the stretch marks. When you apply this mixture on the affected area you will notice favorable results very quickly.

Can You Remove Stretch Marks Completely?

Unfortunately, you can never remove stretch marks once you got them – the best thing you can do is to use essential oils to simply diminish their appearance, but there is no known natural cure for stretch marks. On the other hand, laser surgery can turn out to be very effective against these bothersome marks, as they can significantly improve the quality and the texture of your skin – in spite of being highly efficient, laser surgery is still a very pricey option that not many people can afford. One thing is for sure, though: the best way to get rid of stretch marks is to prevent them from occurring in the first place, and you can only do that by making sure that your skin is properly moisturized and by having a healthy diet that will help you maintain a stable weight.


Learn How To Hide Them

  • One very commonly used way to get rid of stretch marks is to create an illusion that hides the stretch marks – one of the most important things you can do is to make sure that you wear the right clothes.
  • After that to use the right make-up (combined with the right make-up techniques) that will cover the marks. Although this does not cure the signs, it surely helps concealing them and this aspect is particularly important when you go sunbathing.
  • A self-tanner can also come in handy, but then again so does an abdominoplasty (most commonly known as a Tummy Tuck), but the latter option is usually very expensive.


Let Clothes Work Their Magic On Your Stretch Marks!

Wearing the right clothes can surely be very flattering for your overall figure, but have you ever thought about the fact that the right clothing can also help you hide your stretch marks, quickly and effortlessly? The thumb rule is to simply avoid clothes that will make your stretch marks very obvious, depending on their location: for instance, if you have stretch marks on your feet then try to avoid wearing short pants or skirts. However, if you really want to wear short skirts, then at least learn how to conceal the marks with some flawless make-up techniques – this way, you can go out in public or go to the swimming pool without being worried or feeling embarrassed. A concealer or a fake tanner will do just fine!